Different crops need water for them to survive. Crops are able to get the water they need when it rains. In case it is not raining, these crops need to be watered. Watering of the crops is known as irrigation. Supplying of the water to the different crops during irrigation is done by a sprinkler. Also, pumps, valves, and pipes are needed during irrigation. For you to irrigate your crops effectively, you need to have a good irrigation sprinkler. In case you have a big garden, you need to buy a large sprinkler to ensure that water reaches every part of the garden.
Irrigation has been done for many years by crop growers. When irrigating crops, different irrigation methods are used. All irrigation methods are not effective in all gardens. Therefore, you need to choose an irrigation method which is effective for your garden. Before choosing the irrigation method to use in your garden, you need to know all the irrigation methods so that you can choose the one which is the best for your crops. For your irrigation to be effective, a number of things have to be put into consideration. Some of the things which need to be considered when doing irrigation are discussed below.
The type of soil in the garden where the crops are grown should be considered. The type of soil dictates which irrigation method is the best for the crops. The frequency in which you irrigate the crops is also determined by the type of soil . Sandy soils need frequent irrigation. To avoid water runoff, you should not irrigate your crops frequently if they are grown on clay soils. Also, you should use a minimal amount of water if the garden has clay soil.
Consider the land topography. The way the land is structured is what is known as the land’s topography. A land can either be flat, hilly or sloppy. When you know how your land is structured, you will able to prevent water runoffs during irrigation. Drip irrigation is the type of irrigation which should be used on flat land. Pivot and traveler systems should not be used on hilly and sloppy as a lot of water will be wasted.
Consider the type of crops grown when you are irrigating. Sprinkler and drip systems are expensive. Therefore, a lot of money is spent on irrigation, and so you need to irrigate high-value crops. It is better to irrigate vegetables, small fruits and orchard crops rather than irrigating wheat and soya beans. Above are some of the factors which should be considered when irrigating your crops.